1. Impact of Clinical Pharmacist Driven Adverse Drug Reaction Profile in Schizophrenia Patients on Atypical Antipsychotics At A Tertiary Care Setting Sangaokar D G, Kamble N A, Ahamad T,Salimath G S,Tekkalaki B V
Introduction: Schizophrenia is one of the most serious and frightening of all mental illnesses. Atypical antipsychotics are first line drugs for schizophrenia. They have significant adverse drug events. Aim: The study was conducted with an aim to evaluate the pattern of occurrence of Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) in the patients with schizophrenia and to assess their causality and severity. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was carried out in the psychiatry inpatient and outpatient department of KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Belagavi, Karnataka for 3 months. All patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and stable on atypical antipsychotics and receiving pharmacotherapy was included. Assessment of causality and severity of recorded ADRs was done using Naranjo’s scale and Hartwig Scale respectively. Results: A total 32 ADRs were recorded from 25 patients out of 60 patients. The most common ADRs were weight gain (28.13%) and insomnia (18.75%). Majority of ADRs were Probable (53.13%)on Naranjo’s causality assessment scale and Level 4b (40.63%) on Hartwig’s severity assessment scale. The drug Aripriprazole showed maximum ADRs (34.38%). Conclusion: ADRs are frequent occurrence in patients with schizophrenia which are probable in most cases. Incidence of ADRs can be decreased and compliance as well as quality of patient can be improved by early detection and management.
2. A Survey Study on Breast Cancer Awareness Among Secondary, Higher Secondary Female Students and Teachers Of Different Schools in Anand District Dolly Sharma, Manna Debnath, Anupam Niraula, Santosh Ojha
Breast cancer is presently leading cause of death among women. Every year 4 among 10 women are diagnosed with breast cancer. The present study focused on assessment and development of awareness against breast cancer among the students and staff members from the various schools of Anand district, Gujarat. We had conducted breast cancer awareness sessions for the female students and staff members including early screening techniques, self-breast examinations, healthy habits and lifestyle. Before and after these awareness sessions, we had given them questionnaire based on breast cancer. Questionnaire was given to 206 participants including students and staffs who all were absolutely normal. Our results showed, out of 206 participants 91.7% and 80.6% participants who all had no idea about self-breast examination and breast cancer screening before the awareness session but after the awareness campaign, 78.2% and 76.2% participants have the knowledge of self-breast examination and breast cancer screening. To avoid breast cancer completely females should know the whole concept of breast cancer such as breast cancer types/stages, healthy habits and lifestyle, early screening techniques etc. The present study concludes that there have to be workshops, seminars and awareness campaigns for the females in rural areas to improve the knowledge and skill regarding breast cancer screening and self-breast examination.
3. Effect of Growth Regulators on Callus Induction and Organ Formation in Cissus quadrangularis Linn. A Valuable Medicinal Plant Anand Manju, Kaur Tejinder
Its large scale propagation through conventional methods is beset with many problems and its over exploitation from wild necessitates a need to develop an efficient micropropagation protocol for its large scale multiplication. This valuable plant has not been studied much through in vitro technology and there are not many reports available on callus induction and hardly any report on its organogenic potential. In the present study, callusing was effected from the stem and leaf segments taken from field grown mature plant on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of Naphthelene Acetic Acid (NAA ) and Kinetin ( Kn) with the highest callus growth occurring on 5.37 µM NAA and 2.32 µM Kn. Further addition of 15% CM and 3% glucose (instead of 2% sucrose) to the medium considerably enhanced the callus growth and delayed its browning on subsequent subculturing. The calli formed were yellowish white, highly friable and heterogenous in nature. The histogenetic differentiation in the form of tracheids occurred in all the calli followed by root differentiation on higher concentrations of NAA( 10.74-21.48 µM )and Kn (4.65 µM) after 4-5 weeks. A low frequency shoot differentiation from leaf callus was observed on NAA (14.7µM) and Kn (2.32µM) after 8 weeks. Direct rooting from leaf and stem segments was observed on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of auxins like Indole 3 Butyric Acid (IBA) or NAA either alone or in combination with kinetin.