In the present study, the thrust was given to the isolation, purification and characterization of the active principle from fruit of Flacourtia inermis Roxb for developing a simple, but novel, antifungal agent of natural origin. The active principle was separated and purified by column chromatography and the molecular structure of the active compound was elucidated by spectroscopic analysis. The antifungal compound was identified as, 2, 3-dihydroxybenzoic acid, a simple phenolic compound. Antifungal efficiency of 2, 3-dihydroxybenzoic acid was tested against human opportunistic pathogens by agar well diffusion method. Results showed that 2, 3-dihydroxybenzoic acid was effective for inhibiting the growth of tested fungi at a concentration range of 15-60 mg/ml. Among the fungi, Aspergillus fumigatus showed highest susceptibility followed by Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger and Chrysosporium species. From the results of the present studies, it is evident that 2, 3-dihydroxybenzoic acid isolated from the fruit extract of Flacourtia inermis possesses powerful antifungal activity against human opportunistic fungal pathogens and it can be developed as a prototype for large scale preparation of new antifungal drug.